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How do you make a 3D model of glucose using a ball-and-stick kit?

Submitted by Chemistry Duck on Sat, 02/01/2014 - 12:07

I need to know how to assemble the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen "balls" together for this project. I know the formula is C6H12O6, but I'm confused as to how I should assemble them to form sugar?


Glucose is hexagon-shaped, with 5 carbons and 1 oxygen making up that hexagon. Attached to 4 of the 5 carbons is a hydrogen atom (H) and a hydroxide (OH). They alternate, with H on top and OH on the bottom 2 of the 4 times, and OH on top and H on the bottom the other 2 times. Then, on the 5th carbon atom, attach a CH2OH on top and a H atom on the bottom. The oxygen just sits there by itself and doesn't require any attachments. 

Watch this video for more info on how to make 3D sugar models and to see what they look like when made out of ball and stick kits: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGqvxpG4yMA