How to find the percent yield?

First of all understand the word yield in terms of chemistry.Yield is actually the mass of product formed in a chemical reaction.

Percent yield is a formula which is ;

Percentage Yield =     mass of Actual Yield       x   100%
                                     mass of Theoretical Yield                 
 
 
Now, you need to know about two more defination here actual yield and theoretical yield
 
Actual yield is the mass of product in a reaction experimentally or duing industrial procedure
 
Theoretical yield is the mass of product that we predict or calculate using balanced chemical equation.
 
 
ConclusionPercent yield describes how much of a material was produced in a reaction compared to
how much would be produced in an ideal reaction with no losses.
 
 
See the example below;
 
Sample problem :112g of nitrogen gas reacts with hydrogen gas to produce 40.8g of ammonia gas according to the equation given below:
N2(g) + 3H2(g)  2NH3(g)
Calculate the percentage yield of ammonia.
 
Solution : Actual yield of ammonia (NH3)  is 40.8g
Theoretical yield of ammonia (NH3) is calculated using the balanced equation: 
From the balanced chemical equation we can see that the  mole ratio of  N2 and NH3 is 1:2 
convert mass of N2 to mole
moles N2 = 112 / 28 =4  moles of N2
 
4 moles of N2 x  2 moles of NH3 / 1 mole of N2 = 8 moles of NH3
 
now, convert moles of NH3 to mass and this mass would be the theoretical yield of NH3. 
theoretical yield NH3 = predicted mass NH3 
predicted mass NH3 = moles NH3 x molar mass NH3 = 8 x 17 = 136g
 
Percentage yield = (actual yield ÷ theoretical yield) x 100 
percentage yield NH3 = (40.8 ÷ 136) x 100 = 30% 

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