Basic Chemical Reaction Predictions

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REACTION PREDICTION 

SYNTHESIS 

1. metal + nonmetal à salt

  

2. nonmetal + nonmetal à binary molecule

  

3. metal+ oxygen à metal oxide

  

4. nonmetal + oxygen à nonmetal oxide

  

5. metal oxide + water à metal hydroxide

  

6. nonmetal oxide + water à oxyacid

  

7. metal oxide + nonmetal oxide à salt with polyatomic ion

 

  DECOMPOSITION 

 

1. binary compound à elements

  

2. metal carbonate à metal oxide + carbon dioxide

  

3. metal hydroxide à metal oxide + water

  

4. metal chlorate à metal chloride + oxygen

  

5. oxyacid à nonmetal oxide + water

 

  

SINGLE REPLACEMENT

 

1. metals replace metals: use activity series to determine if the reaction occurs

 

2. halogens replace halogens: order on the periodic table = activity series